To Mormons, the Pearl of Great Price is one of four books
accepted as scripture, on equal holiness and authority with the
Bible. To informed Christians, it is pornographic, idolatrous filth
that honors pagan idols and disrespects God. One can prove very
easily that the Book of Abraham, a part of the Pearl of
Great Price, is of Satan. Facsimile 2 of the Book of
Abraham is known to Egyptologists as a hypocephalus, an
Egyptian funerary amulet. Hundreds of hypocephali are in museums around the world. As a part of pagan burial ritual, the hypocephalus was placed under (hypo) the deceased's head (cephalus) to provide magical light and warmth. The hypocephalus, as a part of pagan burial superstition, has no business representing anything claiming to be "Christian."
For comparison purposes, here is a picture of a hypocephalus
that was made for Lady Takhred-Khonsu, daughter of Khonsu-ir-dis.
It is similar to Joe Smith's Facsimile 2 hypocephalus that was made
for a man named Sheshonq:
Below is the Book of Abraham Facsimile 2 hypocephalus.
One notes various similar features between it and the Lady
Takhred-Khonsu hypocephalus. These similar features in the two
hypocephali include the sun god Ra (Fig. 3) on his solar bark;
Amon-Re (Fig. 2), the two-headed god with jackal's heads on his
shoulders; Thoth's baboons (Figs. 22-23) who have disks on their
heads and who stand in the posture of adoration; Khnum (Fig. 1), a
ram headed god; the hawk (Fig. 4) with outstretched wings; the four
sons of Horus (Fig. 6); the cow goddess Hathor (Fig. 5); Min and
Nehebkau (Fig. 7).
In both hypocephali, Min has an erect penis. In the
Takhred-Khonsu hypocephalus, both Min and Nehebkau, whom Joe Smith
says represents "God" and the "Holy Ghost," face each other with
stiff penises. In both hypocephali, Min has his characteristic
hawk's tail, beard and lightening bolt flail (in the form of a
crooked arrow). In both hypocephali, Nehebkau presents Min with the
udjat eye (All-Seeing Eye of Horus). Mormons should look carefully
at the two pagan gods facing each other with erect penises, and
should decide for themselves if the Figure 7 personages whom Joe
Smith says represent the LDS "God" and "Holy Ghost" are the God
and Holy Ghost of the Bible, or whether they are a different God
and Holy Ghost. If after this examination, people remain in
Mormonism, they will not have even the slightest grounds to
complain about their eternal fate in hell. They will have to admit
that their eternal punishment in hell is completely fair and
The introduction of Joe Smith's Book of Abraham reads: "A
Translation of some ancient Records, that have fallen into our
hands from the catacombs of Egypt. The writings of Abraham while he
was in Egypt, called the Book of Abraham, written by his own hand,
In official Mormon writings, Joe Smith claimed not only to
translate the papyri, but to give a "correct translation" of them
(History of the Church, vol. 2, pp. 348, 350-51).
The papyri Joe Smith claimed to translate from Biblical
patriarch Abraham's hand into the Book of Abraham have been
shown by top Egyptologists to be the Book of Breathings, a
shortened and later version of the Book of the Dead. The text has
nothing to do with Abraham or his religion.
After examining the Joseph Smith papyri, Dr. John A. Wilson,
professor emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Chicago, said
that they made up a "mortuary text" known as the "Book of
Breathings " (Shait en Sensen) (Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon
Thought, Summer 1968, p.68).
Dr. Klaus Baer, associate professor of Egyptology at the
University of Chicago's Oriental Institute, also found the papyri
to be the Book of the Dead. Dr. Baer's translation of the papyri
and his explanations of the Facsimiles had nothing in common with
Joe Smith's (Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought, Autumn
Professor Richard A. Parker, chairman of the department of
Egyptology at Brown University, translated Joe Smith's holograph of
"Abraham" into about eighty-seven words as follows:
- [.....] this great pool of Khonsu
- [Osiris Hor, justified], born of Taykhebyt, a man likewise.
- After (his) two arms are [fast]ened to his breast, one wraps the
Book of Breathings, which is
- with writing both inside and outside of it, with royal linen, it
being placed (at) his left arm
- near his heart, this having been done at his
- wrapping and outside it. If this book be recited for him,
- he will breath like the soul[s of the gods] for ever and
- ever (Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought, Summer 1968,
The papyri are no more than pagan myths related to Egyptian
idolatry. Additionally, Egyptologists date the papyri to about the
first century (Charles Larson, By his own hand upon papyrus,
1992, p. 62.). Since Abraham lived at least 1,500 years earlier, he
could not have hand written the papyri as Joe Smith had
In 1842, Joe Smith published Facsimile 2 in the Mormon
periodical Times and Seasons. He published it as a serial of
the Book of Abraham. Claiming that he could explain sections
of the picture, he numbered Figures to facilitate his explanations.
Here is Joe Smith's explanation of Figure 7 in Facsimile 2:
"Fig. 7. Represents God sitting upon his throne, revealing
through the heavens the grand Key-words of the Priesthood; as,
also, the sign of the Holy Ghost unto Abraham, in the form of a
Upside down, in the lower right quadrant of the hypocephalus,
is Figure 7, a depiction of a seated man with an erect penis. Under
Joe Smith's directions, Reuben Hedlock made woodcuts for the original
facsimiles printed in the Times and Seasons. The Figure 7 man
with the erect penis was in this early 1842 edition. Ashamed and
embarrassed, Mormon officials expunged the erect penis from the 1966
edition of the Pearl of Great Price, but they returned Min's penis
in the 1981 edition. Their alternately removing and returning it called
attention to their guilt. They were guilty, and they knew it in their hearts.
Even in Joe Smith's day, a moderately retarded person could
identify the sitting person as having an erect penis. Anybody with
high school level reading comprehension skills can read Joe Smith's
explanation. Sanity, common sense, basic decency, etc., tell one
that this "prophet" Joe Smith and his obscene representation of God
are of Satan.
Professional Egyptologists identify the
seated figure as Min, an Egyptian fertility god. Min is an ithyphallic god. The word
"ithyphallic" is from the Greek word meaning "with erect penis."
Min's full Egyptian name is "Menu-ka-mut-f." The name literally
means "Min, Bull of his Mother." Min, as one might guess from his
name, was incestuous with his own mother. He is usually represented
as having an erect penis. In some hypocephali, Min holds his stiff
penis with his left hand.
When Klaus Baer, Associate Professor of Egyptology at the
University of Chicago's Oriental Institute, translated the original
papyrus (P. JS I) from which Joe Smith copied the Facsimile 1
vignette of the Book of Abraham, he found the term "Min
Bull-of-his-Mother." (Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon thought,
Autumn 1968, page 116)
Even the Mormon "church" admits that Joe Smith copied the
Facsimile 1 vignette from P. JS I: "Only for Facsimile 1 is the
original document known to be extant" (Daniel H. Ludlow, ed.,
Encyclopedia of Mormonism, New York: MacMillan, 1992, Vol.
Dr. Baer translates columns on the papyrus from which Joe Smith
copied Facsimile 1:
"Lines 1-3 give the titles, name, and parentage of the man for
whose benefit the Breathing Permit was written:
" . . . the prophet of Amonrasonter, prophet [?] of Min
Bull-of-his-Mother, prophet [?] of Khons the Governor . . . Hor,
justified son the holder of the same titles, master of secrets, and
purifier of the gods Osorwer, justified [?] . . . Tikhebyt,
justified. May your ba live among them, and may you be buried in
the West. . . .
"Too little is left of line 4 to permit even a guess at what it
said. Insofar as I can make it out, line 5 reads: 'May you give him
a good, splendid burial on the West of just like. . . .'"
(Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought, Autumn 1968, pp.
The epithet "Min Bull-of-his-Mother" refers to the ithyphallic
god Min, whom Egyptologists also find in Joe Smith's Facsimile 2.
Min, then, is an irrefutable tie between Joe Smith's Facsimile 1
and Facsimile 2. Since even the apologetic Encyclopedia of
Mormonism admits that Joe Smith copied the Facsimile 1 vignette
from P. JS I, Mormons are forced to acknowledge that Min is in
their "scripture" of the Book of Abraham, a part of the
Pearl of Great Price.
Anybody who can read Egyptian hieratics can find Min in the
writing around the perimeter of the round hypocephalus. Joe Smith
copied characters from the Sensen (P. JS XI) papyrus to fill in the
perimeter of the hypocephalus. Knowing nothing of hieroglyphic and
hieratic writing, Joe Smith copied some characters upside down in
relation to others (Charles Larson, By his own hand upon
papyrus, Institute for Religious Research, Grand Rapids, Mich.
1992). Since LDS "church" members also didn't know much about
Egyptology, Joe Smith was relatively safe in conning them.
Joe Smith numbered the writing "Figure 18" and said about the
writing: "will be given in the own due time of the Lord. The above
translation is given as far as we have any right to give at the
Joe Smith's comment "as far as we have any right to give at the
present time" suggests that the writing is holy. Well, let us look
at the writing and see how holy it is. BYU professor and Mormon
apologist Michael Rhodes has translated writing around the
"I am Djabty in the house of Benben in Heliopolis, so exalted
and glorious. [I am] copulating bull without equal. [I am] that
mighty god in the house of Benben of Heliopolis. . . ." (BYU
Studies, Spring 1977, p. 265)
The filth is in both the Egyptian writing and, in case somebody
can't read the Egyptian writing, the sitting Egyptian god with an
erection, whom Joe Smith explains as "God sitting upon His throne."
In Facsimile 2, then, Min is identified by both text and a
To the right of Min in Figure 7 is a slender personage Joe Smith
identifies as the "Holy Ghost unto Abraham, in the form of a dove."
What Joe Smith identifies as the "Holy Ghost" Egyptologists
identify as the snake god Nehebkau, who has arms and legs, but a
serpent's body. As an ithyphallic god, Nehebkau often has an erect
penis. The depiction of Nehebkau below was taken
from a hypocephalus designated Leyden AMS 62, a hypocephalus that
is similar to Joe Smith's:
Mormons should study this picture because in the picture are the
exact personages whom Egyptologists identify as Menu-ka-mut-f and
Nehebkau, and whom Joe Smith identifies as the Mormon "God" and the
Mormon "Holy Ghost." What Mormons identify as representing "God"
and the "Holy Ghost" in "scripture," Christians identify as
Dr. Samuel Mercer was one of the eight Egyptian antiquities
experts who were quoted in Franklin S. Spalding's booklet Joseph
Smith, Jr., as a Translator (Salt Lake City, Utah: The Arrow
Press, 1912). Dr. Mercer was distinguished as the custodian of the
Hibbard Collection of Egyptian reproductions, the most complete
collection in the United States (The Utah Survey, vol. 1,
no. 1, September, 1913, p. 3). Dr. Mercer agreed that the
ithyphallic god Min and the ithyphallic snake god Nehebkau are in
Figure 7 of Facsimile 2.
Dr. Mercer wrote, "Fig. 7 represents Nehebka, the serpent-god,
presenting an uzat-eye to Horus-Min who is seated. Horus-Min was
formerly sometimes called Horammon. Joseph Smith calls Horus-Min
'God sitting upon his throne,' and Nehebka, the Holy Ghost 'in the
form of a dove,' the last expression being, of course, an
anachronism." (The Utah Survey, p. 24)
Dr. Mercer wrote, "No one can fail to see that the eight
scholars are unanimous in their conclusions. Joseph Smith has been
shown by an eminently competent jury of scholars to have failed
completely in his attempt or pretense to interpret and translate
Egyptian figures and hieroglyphics." (Ibid., p. 10).
Dr. Mercer observed, "Any pupil of mine who would show such
absolute ignorance of Egyptian as Smith does, could not possibly
expect to get more than zero in an examination in Egyptology."
(Improvement Era, vol. 16, p 615.)
Egyptologist Wallis Budge, famous for his Book of the Dead
translation, summed up Joe Smith's translation of the Facsimile 2
hypocephalus as having "no archeological value" (E. A. Wallis
Budge, The Mummy, A Handbook of Egyptian Funerary
Archeology, Dover Publications, New York, 1989, p. 477).
One of the earliest Egyptian antiquities experts to find Joe
Smith's explanation of Facsimiles in the Book of Abraham
completely false and to find "An ithyphallic serpent, with human
legs" in Figure 7 of Facsimile 2 was M. Theodule Deveria (Jules
Remy and Julius Brenchley, Journey to Great Salt Lake City,
London: W. Jeffs, 1861).
According to Egyptologists, the two personages in Figure 7 are
the ithyphallic Egyptian gods Min (Menu-ka-mut-f) and Nehebkau.
Dr. James P. Allen, curator of the New York Metropolitan
Museum of Art, Department of Egyptian Art, identified both Min and
Nehebkau in Figure 7.
In his expert opinion, Egyptologist James Allen sees "no reason
to question the identification of them as a form of Min and
Nehebkau, respectively, since that is what the parallels indicate
they are." (James P. Allen, letter to Mark Hines, 8 September
This is Joe Smith's explanation of Figure 3 in Facsimile 2:
"Fig. 3. Is made to represent God, sitting upon his throne,
clothed with power and authority; with a crown of eternal light
upon his head; representing also the grand Key-words of the Holy
Priesthood, as revealed to Adam in the Garden of Eden, as also to
Seth, Noah, Melchizedek, Abraham, and all to whom the Priesthood
In Figure 3 of Facsimile 2, Egyptologists immediately recognize
the well-known scene of the hawk-headed god Ra (or Re) with a sun
disk on his head. A sun god, Ra is sitting in his solar bark. In
Egyptian idolatry, the sun was thought to die and be reborn each
day. Ra represents the sun in its daily journey across the
firmament, a death, rebirth and resurrection cycle.
In the Bible, God finds Egyptian gods detestable in His sight.
One can count at least fifteen pagan gods in Joe Smith's Facsimiles. These pagan Egyptian idols are well known. For instance, to the left of Min is the cow goddess Hathor, and to the left of her are the Four Sons of Horus. One can visit book stores, libraries, universities, etc., to find information on these idols. Many Mormons, through satanic blindness, cannot see what is before their very eyes. The Holy God of the universe, of course, would not be represented by any pagan Egyptian idol.
Having anything to do with these gods
is a sure way to anger God and bring down His fury. Only LDS and
other satanic religions represent God with that which is an
abomination to Him. Do Joe Smith and Mormons think it a small
matter to anger God?
- Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
- If you ever forget the Lord your God and follow other gods and
worship and bow down to them, I testify against you today that you
will surely be destroyed."
- Be careful, or you will be enticed to turn away and worship other
gods and bow down to them. Then the Lord's anger will burn against
you. . . .
- He will also shatter the obelisks of heliopolis, which is in
the land of Egypt; and the temples of the gods of Egypt he will
burn with fire.
(The city of Heliopolis was a main center for worshipping Ra. The
Obelisks God resolves to shatter are solar symbols.)
- In that ye provoke me unto wrath with the works of your hands,
burning incense unto other gods in the land of Egypt, whither ye be
gone to dwell, that ye might cut yourselves off, and that ye might
be a curse and a reproach among all the nations of the earth?
- The Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, says, Behold, I am going to punish Amon of Thebes, and Pharaoh, and Egypt along with her gods and her kings, even Pharaoh and those who trust in him.
(The NASB index defines Amon of Jer. 46:25 as an "Egyptian diety." In Egyptian mythology, Menu-ka-mut-f is a form of Amon.)
- Then said I unto them, Cast ye away every man the abominations
of his eyes, and defile not yourselves with the idols of Egypt: I
am the LORD your God.
- But they rebelled against me, and would not hearken unto me:
they did not every man cast away the abominations of their eyes,
neither did they forsake the idols of Egypt: then I said, I will
pour out my fury upon them, to accomplish my anger against them in
the midst of the land of Egypt.
God has tremendous love for those LDS who read articles at this
and some other Christian sites on Mormonism, such as the Tanners'
great site, and who leave the satanic LDS "church." If they don't
leave the LDS "church," even though they know better in their
hearts, they show utter disrespect for God and His awesome
holiness. How can Mormons represent God with Min, a pagan god who
has an erect penis? A pagan idol who, according to Egyptian
mythology, had sex with his own mother and who represents beastly
sexual lust? The Bible tells us that people worship demons when
they worship gods made with their hands. Being away from God in
blackness and eternal burn pain is going to be unbearable for those
who read this and who choose not to act. God describes hell as a
place where there are a lake of fire (Revelation 20:15), a furnace
of fire (Matthew 13:50), everlasting fire (Matthew 25:41),
everlasting punishment (Matthew 25:46), eternal damnation (Mark
3:29), wailing and gnashing of teeth (Matthew 13:42), outer
darkness and weeping (Matthew 25:30), torments in flames (Luke